The Society was formed in 1926 to develop the breed and create and maintain a Herd Book. Much support was attracted and cattle from all over Ireland were inspected, selected and entered in the Herd Book. For many years, as popularity of the breed grew, classes were held at the Royal Ulster Show.
However with the introduction of new, more specialised dairy and beef breeds numbers of Irish Moileds began to decline. The Society declined in parallel with the cattle numbers and was disbanded 1966. The decline was so dramatic that by the 1970's the breed had been reduced to less than 30 females maintained by two breeders in Northern Ireland - David Swan of Dunsilly and James Nelson of Maymore.
In 1982 the Society was revived with the encouragement of the Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Since then numbers have increased dramatically with help from valuable research and guidance from both the Trust and the Genetics Department of Liverpool University. This encouragement has been greatly appreciated by the Society.
In 1998 the Society became a company limited by guarantee and also gained charitable status. Directors are elected annually by members.
Today the Society has a well established DNA testing programme to ensure validity of pedigrees and the integrity of this important gene pool. Every animal must now be DNA profiled and parentage proven before it can be registered.
In 2008 a breed conservation strategy was launched. It is hoped that this strategy will help maintain the genetic base of the breed and also reduce to a minimum any increase in inbreeding and ensure a successful future for Irish Moiled Cattle.
Irish Moileds are now classified as Category 4 (At risk) on the RBST watchlist compared with Category 1 (critical) in early 2000ís.
First day cover Royal Mail Stamp 1984